Monopoly, popularly known as business or Vyapar in India, was first published today in 1935. It was actually first marketed today, having been licensed in more than 103 countries and printed in more than thirty-seven languages today.
Charles Darrow is credited with the invention of monopoly, but it all started a few decades ago. The game can be traced back to 1903, when American anti-monopolist Elizabeth J. Magie Phillips, created a game through which she hoped to be able to explain the single tax theory.
It was intended as an educational tool to illustrate the negative aspects of concentrating land in private monopolies. Magie took out a patent in 1904. Her game, The Landlord’s Game, was self-published, beginning in 1906.
Apparently, this was this game that Charles Darrow first saw and played. He became infatuated with the game and developed his own version. His modifications included adding icons and graphics, the corner symbols and the color bands at the top of each property. Previously there were no pictures on the game board. These modifications gave the game more appeal and greatly increased its popularity.
It is now owned and produced by the American game and toy company Hasbro.
आज 1935 में मोनोपोली का आविष्कार हुआ था। जिसे भारत में बिज़नेस या व्यापार के तौर पर जाना जाता है। चार्ल्स डैरो ने इस गेम का आविष्कार किया था। लेकिन ये गेम The Landlord’s Game के नाम से 1903 में ही दुनिया के सामने आ गया था। इसी गेम को चार्ल्स डैरो ने जब देखा और खेला तो वो इसके दीवाने हो गए। इसमें कुछ ज़रूरी बदलाव करके चार्ल्स डैरो ने इस गेम को नया नाम और पहचान दी। आज ये गेम 103 देशों में और 37 भाषाओं में मिलता है।